Featured Scholar: Lisa Carter-Harris, PhD, APRN, ANP-C
Science of Nursing Care
School of Nursing
The decision to screen for lung cancer is difficult. Lung cancer screening can reduce lung cancer mortality in high-risk populations. Still, there are potential harms associated with lung cancer screening that includes false-positive results, over-diagnosis, radiation exposure, and incidental findings. The decision to screen for lung cancer is best made in the context of shared decision making, where clinicians and patients weigh the benefits and risks of screening and make informed decisions together. This critical patient-clinician communication is challenged by low levels of awareness about lung cancer screening among high-risk populations.
Dr. Lisa Carter-Harris and her team have developed LungTalk, a computer-tailored decision support tool, to help prepare high-risk patients to engage in a discussion about lung health and screening with their clinician, make a decision about lung cancer screening, and intervene with current smokers to consider cessation.
LungTalk is unique in that content is tailored by smoking status, and includes key information in the form of a tailored print-out to help the patient initiate this important conversation with their clinician. LungTalk also includes a cognitive embodiment game meant to increase negative perceptions toward cigarettes and smoking to promote cessation.
Dr. Carter-Harris’ work to improve patient-clinician communication and shared decision-making in the complex decision of lung cancer screening is another example of how IUPUI faculty are TRANSLATING RESEARCH INTO PRACTICE.
Selected Publications in IUPUI ScholarWorks
With several research works contributed to IUPUI's free, open access repository, Dr. Carter-Harris has made translational research knowledge available to professionals, researchers, students, and communities around the world.
Carter-Harris, L., Schwindt, R., Bakoyannis, G., Ceppa, D. P., & Rawl, S. M. (2017). Current Smokers’ Preferences for Receiving Cessation Information in a Lung Cancer Screening Setting. Journal of Cancer Education, 1–6. http://hdl.handle.net/1805/14202
Carter-Harris, L., Brandzel, S., Wernli, K. J., Roth, J. A., & Buist, D. S. M. (2017). A qualitative study exploring why individuals opt out of lung cancer screening. Family Practice, 34(2), 239–244. http://hdl.handle.net/1805/14201
Carter-Harris, L., Comer, R. S., Goyal, A., Vode, E. C., Hanna, N., Ceppa, D., & Rawl, S. M. (2017). Development and Usability Testing of a Computer-Tailored Decision Support Tool for Lung Cancer Screening: Study Protocol. JMIR Research Protocols, 6(11), e225. http://hdl.handle.net/1805/14718
Carter-Harris, L., Davis, L. L., & Rawl, S. M. (2016). Lung Cancer Screening Participation: Developing a Conceptual Model to Guide Research. Research and Theory for Nursing Practice, 30(4), 333–352. http://hdl.handle.net/1805/14719
Alexxis Randle DSRP Scholar Indiana University School of Nursing and Lisa Carter-Harris, PhD, RN, ANP-C Mentor Assistant Professor Indiana University School of Nursing Indianapolis, IN. 2016, April 8. Stigma, Smoking and Social Influence in Health Beliefs about Lung Cancer Screening. Poster session presented at IUPUI Research Day 2016, Indianapolis, Indiana. http://hdl.handle.net/1805/10419
Carter-harris, L., Slaven, J. E., Monohan, P., & Rawl, S. M. (2016). Development and Psychometric Evaluation of the Lung Cancer Screening Health Belief Scales. Cancer Nursing. http://hdl.handle.net/1805/13700
Carter-Harris, L., Tan, A. S. L., Salloum, R. G., & Young-Wolff, K. C. (2016). Patient-provider discussions about lung cancer screening pre- and post-guidelines: Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS). Patient Education and Counseling, 99(11), 1772–1777. http://hdl.handle.net/1805/13699
Carter-Harris, L., Bartlett Ellis, R., Warrick, A., & Rawl, S. (2016). Beyond Traditional Newspaper Advertisement: Leveraging Facebook-Targeted Advertisement to Recruit Long-Term Smokers for Research. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 18(6), e117. http://hdl.handle.net/1805/10729
Carter-Harris L. Lung Cancer Stigma as a Barrier to Medical Help-Seeking Behavior: Practice Implications. Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners. 2015;27(5):240-245. http://hdl.handle.net/1805/11119
Carter‐Harris, L., Ceppa, D. P., Hanna, N., & Rawl, S. M. (2015). Lung cancer screening: what do long‐term smokers know and believe?. Health Expectations. http://hdl.handle.net/1805/10443
Carter-Harris, L., Hermann, C. P., & Draucker, C. B. (2015). Pathways to a lung cancer diagnosis. Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners. http://hdl.handle.net/1805/6444
Carter-Harris, L., & Hall, L. A. (2014). Development of a Short Version of the Cataldo Lung Cancer Stigma Scale. Journal of psychosocial oncology, 32(6), 665-677. http://hdl.handle.net/1805/7046
Carter-Harris, L., Hermann, C. P., Schreiber, J., Weaver, M. T., & Rawl, S. M. (2014, May). Lung Cancer Stigma Predicts Timing of Medical Help–Seeking Behavior. In Oncology nursing forum (Vol. 41, No. 3, p. E203). NIH Public Access. http://hdl.handle.net/1805/7047